The 2010 Population Census of Indonesia is a major source of population data by geographical region, demographic composition and other features. This massive exercise required a huge amount of resources and challenging efforts to maintain the quality of the operation. All censuses have deficiencies and errors in both the coverage and response. A Post Enumeration Survey (PES) provides a concrete statistical basis for estimating census coverage and content errors and also provides an evaluation of the reliability of some of the characteristics reported in the census.
As a part of the quality check for the 2010 Population Census, a PES was conducted two months (July) after the census in a scientifically-designed probability selected sample of 1,200 census blocks (CBs) in all 33 provinces of Indonesia. Only ordinary households and persons who live in fixed dwellings were covered in the PES and only individual characteristics were collected. The PES involved activities such as national instructors and field enumerators training, field orientation, enumeration of households and persons in the selected CBs, two-way desk-match of households and persons, and field reconciliation. Good quality CB maps were generally used for the PES field operation in all provinces except Papua.
Some important findings based on the preliminary analysis of the PES are the net undercount rate for persons at the national and provincial levels. At the provincial level, there is low variability showed between the census and the PES for some characteristics, such as relationship to the head of household, sex, age and marital status. There is moderate variability for characteristics such as school attendance, highest level of education attended, number of living children who live within the household, and number of living children who live outside the household. For the characteristic number of children born alive who have died there is high variability.
Keywords: Post enumeration survey (PES); Dual system estimation; Coverage error; Content error
Biography: Anna Triana Falentina was born in Jakarta on July 11th, 1983. A mother of a daughter, graduated from Statistics College in 2005, and continued her study in extension program at University of Indonesia and graduated in 2009. She works for Statistics Indonesia, Directorate for Development of Census and Survey Methodology since 2005.