Water Characteristics for Human Consumption and Its Relations with Emerging and Re-Emerging Diseases
Richard Mora1, Lisbeth Manganiello2, Cristobal Vega3, Maria L. Vega4, Samar Mouhtar5, Nancy Mendoza2
1Doctorate in Medical Sciences, University of Carabobo, Valencia, Carabobo, Venezuela; 2Chemical Researching Center CIQ, University of Carabobo, Valencia, Carabobo, Venezuela; 3Mathematics Institute and Applied Calculus IMYCA, University of Carabobo, Valencia, Carabobo, Venezuela; 4Medical School, University of Carabobo, Valencia, Carabobo, Venezuela; 5Unidad Medica Nefrotoxicologica C.A., Valencia, Carabobo, Venezuela

The presence of highly stable chemicals has brought serious consequences to the environment. Nevertheless, it has not been fully studied if emerging o re-emerging diseases like cancer, kidney conditions or immune and neurological disorders, among other factors, are associated to the alteration of the ecosystem. Water is one of the main components of organisms and food; therefore, it could hypothetically be thought to be a vehicle through which human beings absorb high toxicity xenobiotics. This paper analyses the possible relation between chemicals contained in water for human consumption and the occurrence of Renal Tubular Disease in children, which is a highly frequent condition in Carabobo State – Venezuela. A town, located in the industrial area of Los Guayos, Carabobo State – Venezuela, was selected to carry out this study. This neighborhood is also very close to Valencia Lake, which is an endorheic water reservoir that receives all types of waste, including industrial components. The stratified simple random sampling technique was used to select houses and inhabitants to take samples of water and tests on children to detect Renal Tubular Disease. The water analysis yielded contents of aromatic hydrocarbons and high levels of manganese, aluminum and total hardness. Likewise, these results were analyzed applying Squared Chi and ANOVA. It can be concluded, after applying the statistical techniques, that there is a significant statistic relation between concentrations of contaminants and occurrence of Renal Tubular Disease in the children object of this study. On the other hand, the water for human consumption is related to the emerging of new diseases in communities under risk of environmental contamination.

Keywords: Water for human consumption; Renal Tubular Disease in children; Emerging and re-emerging diseases; Contaminant agents

Biography: Venezuelan, Nephrologists, Magister in Clinic Toxicology. Doctor in Medical Sciences. Aggregate Professor at Clinic Toxicology Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Biomedical and Technological Sciences, University of Carabobo. Research and application Coordinator of Extra-body Therapies at the Nefro-toxicologic Medical Unit of the University of Carabobo. Areas of investigation: Environment Contamination and emerging and re-emerging diseases.