Derivation of Indicators To Measure the Achievement of Equality in the Field of Employment from a Gender Perspective: Case Study of the Palestinian Territory
Saleh M.L. Alkafri
Economic Statistics Directorate, Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, Ramallah, West Bank- Palestine, Palestine

The international and regional institutions and local communities issued many resolutions, international conventions and declarations related to the promotion of women's participation in the economic process and empowerment, and promoting gender equality in all aspects of life believing in the role of women in the development process of the economies of the countries. Among the most important international conventions ratified by most countries is the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women CEDAW” which was adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations in 1979, which obliges States to take necessary and accepted internationally measures to achieve equal rights for women in all place. And one of the fields of equality stipulated in the articles of CEDAW was related to the achievement of equality between both sexes in the field of employment for its importance in the development process for all countries. Many countries had approved the Convention, and thus they are required to report periodically to the General Assembly of the United Nations to show the extent of the progress made in achieving gender equality in all fields on the ground. And to monitor the extent to which those countries fulfilled the convention. The official statistical institutions must have an active role in providing what their governments' need of indicators of measuring and monitoring (in quantity side) that is comparable between countries and time.

The paper aims at deriving indicators for provision from official surveys and administrative records that are available and calculated in a simplified and achieving the desired result which is based on the reported items in the CEDAW. The indicators will depend on some basic principles and economic theories.

And as a case study, the reality of discrimination in the Palestinian labor market will be studied. The indicators that have been derived in the study of how to achieve equality in the field of employment in the Palestinian Territory under the Palestinian government's approval to CEDAW in 2009 are used. And they can be seen as guiding evidence of the study for countries to international comparison of levels of equality from a gender perspective in the field of work.

The paper consists of six sections that seek to cover the subject matter optimally. First part of these sections will derived the indicators; the second part will discuss the reality of discrimination in the Palestinian labor market.

Keywords: Discrimination Against Women in labor market; CEDAW; Measuring the discrimination gap; Palestinian Labour Market

Biography: Mr Saleh ALKAFRI is a PhD student in Economics in the University of Pavia in Italy (4th year). Since 2008 he works as a Director General of Economic Statistics at the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS).

Mr ALKAFRI has many years of experience of Statistician consultant and data analyst in numerous institutions organisations and programs. since 1992 he has worked as programmer, data analyst and trainer, lecturer for Go's and NGO's. He also worked as a statistical consultant for Minister of Labour.

He joined PCBS since 1994 where he served as director of Labour Statistics Department during the period 1994-2006, then director of national accounts department from 2006 to 2007.

Mr ALKAFRI also has a reputation as a regional trainer on Labour statistics and statistical surveys design as well as Economist in Labour Economics, Gender and Labour, Informal sector/employment and National Accounts. He has some of related publications.