The Global Tobacco Surveillance System (GTSS) aims to enhance country capacity to design implement and evaluate tobacco control interventions, monitor key articles of the World Health Organization's (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) and components of the WHO MPOWER technical package through systematic surveys among adults, youth and special populations. Since 1999, GTSS is active in over 160 countries and includes four surveys: Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS), Global School Personnel Survey (GSPS), Global Health Professions Student Survey (GHPSS), and Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS). GATS is a nationally representative household survey of adults aged 15 years and older using a standard and consistent protocol. Data for this survey are collected in a face-to-face interview using electronic data collection. GATS was successfully conducted in 14 countries: Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Egypt, India, Mexico, Philippines, Poland, Russian Federation, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, Uruguay and Vietnam. The survey is currently being expanded to 7 countries: Argentina, Indonesia, Malaysia, Nigeria, Panama, Romania and South Africa. GATS is a multi-partner surveillance initiative in collaboration with international organizations such as the World Health Organization, national governments, ministries of health, national statistical agencies and academic institutions. GATS is the largest and most comprehensive survey ever among leading causes of non communicable disease related deaths and its risk factors completed in low and middle income countries, covering more than 60% of the world's population. Detailed methodology of GATS (core questionnaire, sample design, data collection and management, analysis and reporting), training and technical exchange, and mechanisms will be reviewed. Survey results will be presented with focus on comparisons by gender, country and regions. Future directions to establish an ongoing surveillance system by repeating the surveys at regular intervals to evaluate change over time, expanding the surveys to new countries, effective data dissemination strategies and partnerships will be discussed.
Keywords: Global adult tobacco survey; GATS; BRIC; CDC
Biography: Dr. Samira Asma is the Chief for the Global Tobacco Control Branch in the Office on Smoking and Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control (CDC).