The Role of Parity Order and Other Socio-Demographic Characteristics in the Nutritional Status of Under-Five Children in Lesotho
Sasha A.P. Frade-Bekker, Chiweni Chimbwete, Clifford Odimegwu
Demography and Population Studies, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa

This paper uses the 2004 Lesotho Demographic and Health Survey to examine the relationship between wasting, stunting and underweight children according to their parity order, and other socio-demographic characteristics. Multinomial logistic regression is used to investigate the relationship between stunting and parity order, whereby stunting is divided into three nutritional categories. However, due to a small number of cases found to be either malnourished or severely malnourished in the wasting and underweight anthropometric measures, logistic regression is used to assess the relationship between wasting and underweight, with parity order and the other socio-demographic variables. The results suggest that the effect of parity order on the three anthropometric measures is not consistent. The logistic regressions performed for wasting and underweight did not show any significant results, although the multinomial logistic regression found significant results for stunting.

Keywords: Bivariate and Multinomial Logistic Regression; Nutritional Status; Parity Order; Malnutrition

Biography: Sasha has completed her Masters degree in Demography and Population Studies in 2009 at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa. In 2011 she will be commencing with her PhD in the same field. Sasha is dedicated to the improvement of the quality of life in Africa, through her contribution through research. She worked in the private research sector, for a research and development company that worked closely with African governments and NGOs. She has since moved to academia, where her true passion lies. Sasha is fluent in english, portuguese and french.